Recommended Prerequisites

You are expected to have either completed the stated prerequisite course(s) or possess the equivalent knowledge prior to enrolling in this course:

  1. Accounting Fundamentals
  2. Reading Financial Statements
  3. Excel Crash Course

Financial analysis course overview

This four-module financial analysis course demonstrates how you can perform a comprehensive financial analysis of any organization using a variety of ratios derived from its financial statements. This program provides the skills and training necessary to be a complete financial analyst.

Financial analysis course analyst screenshot

Vertical and horizontal income statement analysis

In this module of this financial analyst course, we work through the various components of the income statement and explain how to analyze it. Using real-life case studies, you will learn how to perform robust vertical and horizontal income statement analysis using various performance ratios. You will also learn how to benchmark income statement performance against an appropriate peer group.

By the end of this module, you will be able to undertake a comprehensive financial analysis of any income statement.

  • Review the various components of the income statement
  • Conduct a comprehensive vertical and horizontal analysis of the income statement
  • Benchmark income statement performance against an appropriate peer group

vertical financial analysis ratios

Balance sheet and leverage ratio analysis

In this second module, you will analyze the balance sheet to determine the operational efficiency of a company. Key ratios taken from the balance sheet and its implications on a company's cash flow are thoroughly explained in this segment. 

Illustrated using a technology firm and a retail firm, we will show you how to conduct a comprehensive analysis using efficiency ratios to determine how well a company is generating revenue. Exercises are provided to help apply proper benchmarking techniques and determine how a company is performing compared to its 5-year history and the industry as a whole.

By the end of this course, you will be able to examine the overall financial condition and performance of a company more effectively using the ratios and research methods demonstrated in this module.

  • Breakdown and define each component of the balance sheet
  • Explain overall efficiency ratios: Total asset turnover and net asset turnover ratio
  • Explain working capital efficiency ratios: inventory efficiency, accounts receivable efficiency, and accounts payable efficiency ratios
  • Determine how to reduce the working capital funding gap to improve operational efficiencies
  • Undertake trend analysis to determine the overall financial performance of a company and forecast future performance.

ratio analysis course free

Cash flow statement and ratio analysis

In this third module of this financial analyst course, you will analyze the cash flow statement to better understand the inflows and outflows of cash throughout the year. Additionally, using different financial ratios taken from the balance sheet, we will help you assess the solvency and leverage of a business. Finally, we will examine different funding options for an organization looking to both operate efficiently and grow. 

The cash flow statement and the different components that make it up will be explained thoroughly to help you assess the financial situation of an organization. By using examples drawn from a technology and retail company, you will understand how different ratios can be used to properly assess the operation of an organization from a cash management standpoint.

By the end of this course, you will be able to analyze how management is raising and using funds by reviewing the cash flow statement of the business. More importantly, you will be able to understand how debt and equity interact with leverage, and how different levels of leverage can affect a company.

  • Breakdown and understand each component of the cash flow statement
  • Understand different types of debt financing tools (e.g. bonds, syndicated loans, and leasing), equity (e.g. common shares and preferred shares), and leverage ratios (e.g. debt to tangible net worth, and total assets to equity)
  • Use real-life cash flow statements to assess the operations of a company

cash flow analysis course

Rates of return and profitability analysis

In the last module of this financial analyst course, you will combine everything you learned in previous modules to unlock the drivers of financial performance. This module guides you through the pyramid of ratios. You can use the pyramid to uncover the profitability, efficiency, and leverage drivers for any organization.

By the end of this course, you will understand how to effectively use the pyramid of ratios to analyze any organization. This module includes a hands-on case study and an Excel spreadsheet template that can be used to generate individual ratios and a pyramid of ratios from any set of financial statements.

  • Unlock the drivers of the return on equity ratio
  • Analyze the profitability, efficiency, and leverage ratios that make up the pyramid of ratios
  • Understand the links between the pyramid’s primary, secondary, and tertiary ratios
  • Construct a pyramid of ratios using a set of published financial statements and perform a complete financial analysis.
  • Return on Equity (ROE) and Dupont analysis

pyramid of ratios analysis from course

Who should take this financial analysis course?

This financial analysis course is perfect for any aspiring financial analysts working in investment banking, financial planning and analysis (FP&A), equity research, corporate development, and other areas of finance and accounting.

This class counts as continuing professional education (CPE) credits for CPAs. 

For further CPE information, please read before purchasing:


CFI financial analyst certification program

From beginner to advanced, CFI's financial analyst training program will give you the skill you need to become a complete financial analyst.

This course is one of the 9 required "Core" courses to complete CFI's financial analyst training program and earn the Financial Modeling and Valuation Analyst (FMVA) designation.

What You'll Learn


Financial Analysis Fundamentals

$97.00 Enroll Now Free Preview

Approx 6.5 hrs to complete


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Path to Certification

Prerequisite Courses

5 courses from beginner to intermediate level.


Core Courses

9 courses from beginner to intermediate level.


Elective Courses

Take 3 out of 9 courses at an advanced level.


Get Certified

Submit your FMVA®️ checklist and order your certificate.


Join Our Community

Get access to the Global Corporate Finance Society.


How the Certification Works

FMVA® Financial Analyst Certification courses are offered 100% online, allowing you the flexibility to start the financial analyst program anytime and learn when it’s most convenient for you.
Students must complete all core and elective courses (12 in total) and demonstrate mastery of the topics through successful completion of course materials, quizzes, and assessments.
Within 48 hours of program completion, your Blockchain Verified FMVA Certification will be emailed to you.

What Our Students Say

Jief Jephthe Dorinvil
An excellent refresher on Ratios and fundamentals of Financial analysis
This course equips you with all the tools you need to perform a first an excellent financial analysis of a Business from its Financial statements.
Christopher Lloyd
Financial Analysis Fundamentals
This course was carefully put together and very practical and hands-on, which aided in the retention of core concepts as compared to purely theoretical courses (which mostly involve reading/cramming for an exam). I would recommend this course to anyone who wants to get a solid understanding of the importance of ratio analysis.
Chinwendu John Uneke
Great Video Presentations
The video presentation is apt, understandable and straight forward. great course!
Zahid Sameer
Absolutely loved the way the Financial Analysis was taught. The step by step instructions and way it was taught through excel simply made me understand it much better than ever before. I got a much clearer and in debt picture of Financial Analysis.
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Delbert Adivnovak
Very detailed and helpful!
Oh my I just got 95%, I'm happy I took 5 days to study and for my improvement, I love it, thanks CFI
Hussain Mohammed Almutawa
Pyramid Analysis was a great key for me as a link between all the ratios and to analyze deeply
Vithu Borkar
This is the basic learning tool for any finance professional in order to start with the program.
I particularly found the pyramid analysis method in this course quite handy in my day to day work as a credit analyst. It's a great course and I look forward to putting these skills to practice.
Isaac Lin
Fundamental Concepts
Murad Ali Mohammed
After completing the course my analytical approach, analytical skills, and presentation skills increased significantly . Must for every accounting and finance professional. Highly recommended.
Wow! CFI has done a great job by shaping and molding me to understand how to analyze financial data and ratios. I wish I had done this course before my first Degree; I would be on top of the class. I recommend CFI courses to anyone who wants to have his/her dream realized in any of their courses. To CFI Team, I say thank you.
Saroj Kumar
Awesome content and Explanation.
Alejandra Caloca Heredia
This is an excellent course to make a complete and deep analysis of a company financials. It's easy to follow and gives excellent tools for doing it. It has helped me clarify some doubts I had and gave me a more comprehensive understanding of my analysis. Fully recommend it!
Alvin Tezi
Using Financial Ratios has never been made easier for me to understand like in this Course! Am glad I did it.
Ziad Qasqas
It summarizes the structure of Financial Analysis in a simple way but with comprehensive understanding
Bienvenido Jesus B. Castro Jr., CPA, FMVA
The course has further refined and broaden my knowledge and understanding, the pyramid of ratios was explained very well and an excellent tool in analyzing a financial performance
Richard Hastings
Have done financial analysis before, but this included quite a few things that I had not come across before. In particular: the 'pyramid approach', which is a good way of looking at what makes up the key drivers of ROE.
Barbara Alvarez
Helped me understand financial ratios, how to calculate them, and when/where to use them.
Cara Nowen
really good review of all the key ratios for income statement, balance sheet, etc. thanks!

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FMVA® Financial Analyst Certification

Become a Financial Modeling and Valuation Analyst (FMVA)® by completing all required courses in accounting, finance, modeling, Excel, presentations, and strategy. From beginner to advanced courses you will have the complete training you need to become a world-class financial analyst.


From $847.00
CFI Full Immersion Bundle & FMVA® Certification
Buy Now
From $497.00
CFI Self-Study Bundle & FMVA® Certification
Buy Now